C#运算符关键字 – AS运算符

从这一篇开始,我将为大家带来一些C#运算符关键字,我们时常会用到它们,但是可能只知其然不知其所以然,所以整理出来,供大家参考:

as 运算符用于在兼容的引用类型之间执行某些类型的转换。 例如:

 class csrefKeywordsOperators
   {
       class Base
       {
           public override string  ToString()
           {
	             return "Base";
           }
       }
       class Derived : Base 
       { }

       class Program
       {
           static void Main()
           {

               Derived d = new Derived();

               Base b = d as Base;
               if (b != null)
               {
                   Console.WriteLine(b.ToString());
               }

           }
       }
   }

备注


as 运算符类似于强制转换操作。 但是,如果无法进行转换,则 as 返回 null 而非引发异常。 请看下面的表达式:

expression as type

它等效于以下表达式,但只计算一次 expression。

expression is type ? (type)expression : (type)null

注意,as 运算符只执行引用转换和装箱转换。 as 运算符无法执行其他转换,如用户定义的转换,这类转换应使用强制转换表达式来执行。

 

class ClassA { }
class ClassB { }

class MainClass
{
    static void Main()
    {
        object[] objArray = new object[6];
        objArray[0] = new ClassA();
        objArray[1] = new ClassB();
        objArray[2] = "hello";
        objArray[3] = 123;
        objArray[4] = 123.4;
        objArray[5] = null;

        for (int i = 0; i < objArray.Length; ++i)
        {
            string s = objArray[i] as string;
            Console.Write("{0}:", i);
            if (s != null)
            {
                Console.WriteLine("'" + s + "'");
            }
            else
            {
                Console.WriteLine("not a string");
            }
        }
    }
}
/*
Output:
0:not a string
1:not a string
2:'hello'
3:not a string
4:not a string
5:not a string
*/


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